Gothic medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou in Czech Republic

Gothic medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou in Czech Republic

One of the most beautiful Czech castles is lying on a rocky promontory above the Vltava, some halfway from Prague to the medieval city of Ceske Budejovice. It attracts with external Gothic forms and exquisite finish interior along with rich collections. This is about medieval Czech castle Orlik nad Vltavou.

Gothic medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou in Czech Republic

HISTORY

The first written mention of the Czech medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou dates back the 1253s when a small wooden fortress ("Hradek") was built by the order of King Wenceslas I for protection of the ford across the Vltava. Later, in early XIV, the wooden fortress was enhanced with the stone and a Gothic castle arose remaining under royal ownership until 1357, when Charles IV granted the Orlik castle to his Chancellor Detrshihu of Portitz as a reward for faithful service (in particular for the successful mission in Rome, after which Charles was crowned as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire).

Gothic medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou in Czech Republic

In the next half century, the medieval Czech saw many owners, numerous battles of the Hussite wars and was strongly damaged by fire in 1508. Later, it was bought by Pan Kryštof Shvamberkom in 1514 – he fully restored Orlik nad Vltavou and partly rebuilt in the Renaissance style. After the Battle of White Mountain (1620), when the rebellious Bohemian nobles were defeated by the troops of the Emperor, the Czech castle was taken over by the imperial army looted and partially destroyed. In 1717 the castle was acquired by the famous Czech native Schwarzenberg, which opened a new bright page in the history of Orlik nad Vltavou.

Gothic medieval castle Orlik nad Vltavou in Czech Republic

After a fire in 1802 Charles I Schwarzenberg fully updated all the interiors of Orlik nad Vltavou in the Empire style and overbuilt fourth floor. In 1849-1860 the last renovation took place under the guidance of Czech architect Bernard Gruber, after whom the medieval Czech castle received a neo-Gothic look. With the establishment of the Soviet power in the Czech Republic in 1948 Orlik castle was seized from the family Schwarzenberg, while the ownership of which was returned during restitution. The current head of the family Charles VII Schwarzenberg lives in his family estate.
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