5 interesting future space missions

Information about modern space research rarely appears in the wide-range mass media. There are five most important missions that can show new facts about the remote space bodies.

1. The Solar Mission (Parker Solar Probe)

5 interesting future space missions

The first announcements of the mission have been followed by fancy headlines like “NASA plans to touch the Sun”. This is definitely wrong: the mission involves maximum convergence with the Sun, but not to touch it.

The probe (10 ft) and solar shield 6.6 diameter is planned to be launched till 3.8 million miles from the Sun, which is equal to Mercury orbit or 10 Sun radius

It is planned to study the structure and dynamics of magnetic fields, movement of energy in the solar corona, understand the mechanism of the solar wind acceleration. The Parker Solar Probe mission may answer on the question why the solar corona temperature is multifold above the surface temperature. As a result, the experts will become able to make forecasts for potential threat of coronal emissions for our planet.

Parker Solar Probe will have stronger protection compared to the all known probes built by a human. This is due to high radiation level: specifically, it will be 475 times above the earth one while coming closer to the Sun. NASA plans to launch the mission on July 31 2018.

2. The Psyche Mission

5 interesting future space missions

The Psyche mission, also known as the mission to metallic world, is a complex of operations for studying of Psyche metal asteroids. Increased interest is explained by the fact that the space body has not been covered with other materials within its lifespan. It is well known that Earth’s core contains metal, so the asteroid can be considered as failed planet.

NASA is interested in careful studying of asteroids – possible shifting to other vectors is under examination as well as excavation of minerals. The Psyche mission will show whether the asteroid is really a core of failed planet. And in case of positive determination, further careful discovering will help to explain the early stages of solar system development.

NASA plans to launch the spacecraft in 2022 and will reach the asteroid orbit in 2026, with further 20 months research.

3. The Europa Mission (Europa Clipper)

5 interesting future space missions

Europa is the sixth satellite of Jupiter moon and one of the space bodies to show exterritorial life footprint. It is known that there is a huge ocean of salt water under its surface, water vapor plumes were detected by the Hubble Space Telescope.

It is impossible to study the moon from its orbit due to aggressive Jupiter environment, so NASA decided to launch a spacecraft to the orbit of the gas giant. The research will involve 45 flights at 1670 to 15 miles distance.

The mission is to find out whether Europa surface can maintain the life as well as determine potential landing point in the future. NASA plans to commence the mission until 2022 for 3.5 years.

4. Mars 2020

5 interesting future space missions

Rover Mars 2020 is an updated version of the Curiosity rover aimed at finding the signs of the live on Mars, including life-sustaining activities of microgerms.

The rover will be equipped with a drilling tool for taking samples of the most perspective solid. Besides, methods of oxygen generation from Mars atmosphere will be tested as well as dynamics of the weather, dust storms and other conditions will be studied.

The launch is slated for summer 2020, with landing on Mars in February 2021. Minimal work period – 1 year on Mars (687 earth days).

5. ExoMars 2020

5 interesting future space missions

Mars exploration with ExoMars rover is a joint mission between the European Space Agency and Russian state corporation Roskosmos. The mission’s aim is similar to the NASA’s project – to find evidences of the previous and current life on Mars.

Along with that the rover will check water and geochemical distribution on the surface of the planet, study environment and detect potential threats for the future human expeditions.
The launch is planned for 2020; the mission will take 6 months.
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