Five indicators defining the next 100 years

Five indicators defining the next 100 years

How can the world’s population change?

As the UN believes, the most probable scenario is a rise in population up to 11.2 billion by 2100. However, this is just a possible development of the world, not a exact fact. There is an off chance that the figure will reach 16.6 billion by the century’s end or, on the contrary, decrease to 7.3 billion falling even bellow the current level of 7.5 billion. However, we see only UN’s scenarios; the population will keep expanding till at least 2050 anyway.

Five indicators defining the next 100 years

The reasons for higher average age

First of all we are now living longer and have fewer kids. For example, back in 1950 people hardly lived till 50th. At the same time, now an average life expectancy is almost 72 years worldwide, and is likely to exceed 83 years line by 2100. What does it mean? In fact, with longer lives there will be more old people, and decreased live birth rate suggests that less people will be born to replace old ones: as a result, we see so-called population pyramid shifting to “beehive”.

Five indicators defining the next 100 years

The place for living

The world will see 41 megacities of more than 10 million people by 2030, with 2/3 of the population to live in urban areas by 2050. Hyperdense metropolises will provide home for everyone on really small-sized land. The 6.3 billion livers in a city similar to the current Mumbai size could be settled in UK-size area. However, place those people into a city of Atlanta’s density today, and the land widens reaching almost a size of the USA. The future megacities should focus on restraining suburban sprawl.

Five indicators defining the next 100 years

The energy sources for the world

A bulk of the consumed energy (86%) is generated via fossil fuels, with renewable energy sources accounting for some 10% of the total. However, the share of the latter keeps rising. For example, solar energy consumption globally hiked some 7.5 times in 2015, compared to the 2010 level. The future belongs to renewables. Countries that have sufficient land to install wind turbines and solar panels will be in advantageous positions.

Five indicators defining the next 100 years

Labour automation in the future

Computers and robots may perform practically 50% of all jobs in the USA as reported Oxford University researchers. However, some work is more likely to be automated. Specifically, Telemarketers, accountants and even taxi drivers can be replaced over the next few decades. Better forecasts for the jobs that require creativity, manual dexterity and empathy –such fields can survive longer. Labour markets in the future should cope with the automation pressure.
100%  |  578  |  Aug 8, 2017
Back
Forward
Close