The Arctic Fox

The Arctic fox, or polar fox (Alopex lagopus), is a predatory mammal of Canidae family. It is rather a small animal that looks like a fox. The Arctic fox is from 20 to 30 in long, the length of the tail is about 12 in, the height is 8 in. The average weight is 7,7 lb. The maximum weight can be up to 18 lb. It habits Arctic tundra, North America, on shores of the Arctic Ocean.

The Arctic Fox

The animal can survive at Arctic temperatures. The Arctic fox is adapted to live in the cold environment, as it has thick fur, furry soles, short snout, and rounded ears. The fur changes its color with seasons. In winter it is white which allows the animal to conceal itself better in white snow. In summer the fur is grayish-brown.

The Arctic Fox

These mammals are generally spread in tundra on the undulating ground. It lives in treeless areas. The Arctic fox digs its burrows, making a net of long tunnels or labyrinths with many entrances. Such burrows are no longer than 550 yd from a spring. There is little place suitable for burrowing in tundra, so arctic foxes use ready-made for 15-20 years or even more. In winter they can live just in a snow den.

The Arctic Fox

It is an omnivore and eats about 125 animal and 25 plant species. The Arctic fox consumes small rodents, invertebrates, fish, lemmings, birds, berries, weed, and seaweed. It can even attack reindeer calves, eat seal pups, or eat carrion. This animal often follows polar bears to get some of their prey or some leftover scraps of seal meat. The Arctic fox eats animals taken in a trap, even if they are other arctic foxes. In summer they store up extra food for winter.

The Arctic Fox

As a rule, the animals are monogamous. They make a pair for breeding and raising their pups. The pregnancy lasts 49-57 days. Each spring the female arctic fox can give birth to 7-12 or more pups. The young is born blind and covered with dark, grayish-brown fur. The eyes open in 9-18 days.
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